scHiCTools: a computational toolbox for analyzing single-cell Hi-C data

Abstract

Single-cell Hi-C (scHi-C) sequencing technologies allow us to investigate three-dimensional chromatin organization at the single-cell level. However, we still need computational tools to deal with the sparsity of the contact maps from single cells and embed single cells in a lower-dimensional Euclidean space. This embedding helps us understand relationships between the cells in different dimensions such as cell-cycle dynamics and cell differentiation. Here, we present an open-source computational toolbox, scHiCTools, for analyzing single cell Hi-C data. The toolbox takes singlecell Hi-C data files as input, and projects single cells in a lower-dimensional Euclidean space. The toolbox includes three commonly used methods for smoothing scHi-C data (linear convolution, random walk, and network enhancing), three projection methods for embedding single cells (fastHiCRep, Selfish, and InnerProduct), three clustering methods for clustering cells (k-means, spectral clustering, and HiCluster) and a build-in function to visualize the cells embedding in a two-dimensional or three-dimensional plot. We benchmark the embedding performance and run time of these methods on a number of scHi-C datasets, and provide some suggestions for practice use. scHiCTools, based on Python3, can run on different platforms, including Linux, macOS, and Windows. Our software package is available at https://github.com/liu-bioinfo-lab/scHiCTools.

Publication
PLOS Computational Biology
Xinjun Li
Master student
Statistics
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Hongxi Pu
Undergraduate
CS(LSA)